About the Centre for Comparative Construction Research
The Centre for Comparative Construction Research (CCCR) currently occupies a niche position by specialising in research on performance and productivity issues of the global construction industry, and other matters relating to comparative construction, such as:
- project management effectiveness
- building quality
- building refurbishment and retrofit
- construction productivity
- green building design
- environmental impact
- infrastructure procurement and finance
Our objectives for the next three years are to build our reputation and influence, expand our international reach, and improve our performance metrics to the level of a University Research Centre.
Our designated field of research (FoR) remains 1202 Building and our activities are built on three pillars:
- producing high quality publications
- building collaborative partnerships
- attracting external funding
CCCR aims to provide a supportive training environment for Higher Degree by Research (HDR) students and an advisory service to local industry.
Core objectives comprise:
- Publish research outcomes in well-respected international journals.
- Partner with colleagues from academia and industry to work on larger problems and to share expertise.
- Apply for external grants through the Australian Research Council.
- Establish a critical mass of HDR students and research assistants supported, where possible, by external funds.
- Undertake consultancy services through Research Services.
- Host events to promote the work of the Centre.
Bond University’s Centre for Comparative Construction Research (CCCR) was declared the Australian Institute of Project Management (AIPM) Queensland State Winner of the inaugural Project Management Achievement Award for Research in 2016. Professor Craig Langston, Director of CCCR, attended the award presentation evening on August 13 at the Brisbane Town Hall on behalf of the University.
Each state and territory held their individual award presentations prior to the joint AIPM National Conference and International Project Management Association (IPMA) Regional Conference at the Hilton hotel in Sydney (October 16-19). CCCR is now extremely pleased to announce that it is both the 2016 inaugural National Winner of the Project Management Achievement Award for Research and the 2016 Asia-Pacific Regional Winner for Research. CCCR was also a finalist in the 2017 IPMA Research Award.
The awards relate to research on measuring project deliver success (PDS). Measuring PDS is critical for evaluating project management performance and supporting continuous improvement. It represents an agenda within CCCR to develop and apply generic key performance indicators to compare planned and actual project outcomes in terms of value, efficiency, speed, innovation, complication and impact.
A PDS score can be derived from the 3D Integration Model built around PMBOK® Guide knowledge areas (plus a new area for Project Environmental Management). It is used to assess and rank a diverse range of projects within and/or across organisations as well as summarise their contribution to wider economic, social and environmental objectives.
Further work is underway to utilise the model’s six key performance indicators for the purpose of measuring organisational maturity. It is widely understood that organisations are more likely to deliver successful projects if they have systems in place that reflect a mature project environment based on a culture of continuous improvement.
- 2018 – Langston, C., Meikle, J. and Best, R. Energy infrastructure construction cost modelling for developing countries, The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), US$8,000.
- 2018 – Langston, C., Meikle, J. and Best, R. Road infrastructure construction cost modelling for developing countries, The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), US$15,000.
- 2014 - 2017 – Chan, E., Langston, C. A framework for the analysis of embodied carbon and construction cost of heritage conservation projects, Hong Kong RGC Project HK$690,000.
- 2009 - 2012 – Langston, C., Smith, J., Herath, G., Datta, S., Doloi, H., Crawford, R.H., Making better decisions about built assets: learning by doing, ARC Linkage Project $180,000 (plus $135,000 industry cash) LP0990261 (Industry partners: Williams Boag Architects and Assetic Australia).
- 2012 - 2014 – Love, P., Ekambaram, P., Smith, J., Davis, P, Infrastructure project delivery: a life cycle evaluation model for public private partnerships, ARC Linkage Project $90,000 (plus $75,000 industry cash) LP120100347 (Industry partners: John Holland Pty Ltd and WA Department of Treasury and Finance).
- 2014 - 2016 – Love, P., Ackermann, F., Smith, J., Ekambaram, P, Error mitigation in infrastructure projects, ARC Discovery Project $375,000 DP140100718.
- 2012 – Best, R., Langston, C., de Valence, G., Construction Forestry Mining Energy Union of Victoria $22,500.
This book series includes chapters from a number of CCCR members and external collaborators from around the world. It includes most of the recent work of the Centre from 2014-2017.
- Volume 1 - Best, R. and Meikle, J. eds. (2015) Measuring construction: prices, output and productivity, Routledge.
- Volume 2 - Best, R. and Meikle, J. eds. (2019) Accounting for construction: productivity, cost and performance, Routledge (in press).
The Centre contributed to Turner and Townsend’s International Construction Market Survey, in 2013 - 2018 through the provision of the PPP methodology used to present comparative cost data for 23 countries.
Find out more about the underpinning working paper that led to this collaboration.
CCCR collaborated with The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) and the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) in 2018 to develop ways to assess the construction costs of public infrastructure in developing countries. Our role was focused on the comparative cost performance of road and highway construction. A basket of representative labour, material and plant items (known as a roadBLOC) was priced in eight different locations (Russia, Philippines, Pakistan, India, China, Turkey, Bangladesh and Indonesia) to enable projects to be compared based on the number of BLOC baskets needed per unit of measure. For example, how many baskets per metre are required to build a new four-lane arterial road in Istanbul?
The results were compared with a baseline for Sydney of 14,516 roadBLOCs/m. Dhaka had the highest equivalent ‘cost’ of 24,029 roadBLOCs/m, while Manila had the lowest equivalent ‘cost’ of 5,111 roadBLOCs/m. This approach enables different geographic locations to be evaluated using purchasing power parity, avoiding temporal currency fluctuations and inflation. This global report is available at https://www.aiib.org/en/news-events/asian-infrastructure-finance/index.html.
The roadBLOC project has been completed. A copy of our findings can be found HERE.
Funded by Mingxi Charity Foundation and Hong Kong Polytechnic University (HKPU), researchers, including Assistant Professor Ruidong Chang from Bond University, as well as undergraduate students mainly from HKPU, National University of Singapore and Tongji University, aim to construct a small net-zero energy exhibition centre using 3D printing technologies. After completion, the project will be donated to Ya’an Polytechnic College situated in Ya’an, China, where earthquakes happen frequently.
Through this project, researchers will investigate BIM-enabled 3D printing software platforms (HKPU), energy efficiency and productivity of 3D printing (Bond University), as well as material and structural tests of 3D printed structures (Sichuan University and HKPU). The project is expected to be completed by the end of 2018.
Main stakeholders involved in this project include Ya’an Polytechnic College (future owner), Mingxi Charity Foundation (funder), HKPU (funder, research and project implementation), Tongji University (design), Winsun (contractor for off-site printing), BuildPrint (contractor for on-site printing), Bond University (research), Sichuan University (research), and Ya’an Administration Centre of NGOs (project facilitator).
Waled Shehata, one of the Centre’s PhD candidates, recently received a 1st Commended Paper certificate for the following conference paper:
Shehata, W., Langston, C., & Sarvimaki, M. (2018). From Uncomfortable to Comfortable: The Adaptive Reuse of Australian Gaols. Paper presented at the International Heritage and Cultural Conservation Conference: (InHerit), December 3-5, The Waterfront Hotel, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia.